You'll need to keep an eye on the affected goat, and you might need to call your vet for some of these conditions. I realize that many vets don't work on goats, so you might need to call a goat-owning friend, or do some research online about symptoms and treatment instead. I'm not going to give medical advice; I'm not a vet. Instead, I'm simply pointing out some symptoms to watch out for.
Any kind of behavior that is unusual for your goat calls for a second look. This is why knowing your goat's normal behavior is important. That's your baseline, and that's how you'll know that something is "different". The only way to know what's normal for your goats is to spend time with them and observe them.
A goat's normal vital statistics are:
- Temperature = 102.5 - 104 - This varies depending on the temperature of the goat's surroundings and time of day. It's a good idea to take a second goat's temperature for comparison.
- Pulse rate = 70 - 80 beats per minute
- Respiration = 15 to 30 per minute
- Rumen (stomach) movements = 1 - 1.5 per minute
A goat that stands off from the herd, or won't come out of the goat shelter, needs a second look. Sometimes this means an injury - it might hurt to walk, for instance. My goat Wish did this when she had pinkeye because sunshine hurt her eyes.
If your goat is crying or bawling, there's a problem and it's urgent. She might be scared, being chased by something, stuck in the fence, or in pain. On the other hand, if your normally noisy and friendly goat is quiet and anti-social, you also need to investigate.
Standing with his or her back hunched up is another cause for investigation. There can be several causes: the goat might be cold, or if it's a buck or wether, he might have urinary calculi.
Another sign of urinary calculi is a buck or wether who is unable to urinate. You might notice him straining with no results. I once had a young buckling that strained, cried, and rolled on the ground in pain. If you suspect a urinary blockage, you need to get help for this goat immediately. This can be a life-threatening situation.
Watery diarrhea is more serious. It's usually easy to see which goat is affected. Do some sleuthing to figure out what's wrong. This may or may not be caused by coccidiosis; this condition has a certain odor and once you've smelled it, you'll instantly recognize it again.
Anytime you notice your goat acting out of character you should investigate. Hopefully it's nothing serious, but it's better to check out the situation than to be sorry you didn't.
My hope is to inspire you, and to encourage your homesteading plans and your dreams of a