October 10, 2012

Perennial Tomatoes

Although tomatoes are technically a perennial, they are grown as annuals here in the USA. People who are fortunate enough to have a greenhouse often bring in their tomatoes before the first frost so they can have vine-ripe tomatoes late in the autumn, and they'll start their tomato seeds in very early spring so they'll have big healthy plants ready to go in the ground when the weather is warm enough.

Perennial tomatoes

But could you grow tomatoes year-round? I've heard many times about a tomato plant in Walt Disney World's Epcot Center that is grown in a greenhouse and supplies the tomatoes for the park's meals. According to an article at The Examiner:

Yong Huang, Epcot's manager of agricultural science at the Land, found out about tomato trees while visiting Beijing, China. He brought seeds back to Florida and grew a plant in a special greenhouse. Soon it was producing golf ball sized tomatoes, which are used to supply various Disney restaurants. Guinness World Records has recognized the plant as a world record holder; its harvest has yielded more than 32,000 tomatoes and a total weight of 1,151.84 pounds.

Tomatoes are perennials!

I don't have a greenhouse (and it wouldn't stay warm enough in the deep of winter to keep a tomato plant alive probably anyway). I've tried starting my own tomato seeds indoors with reasonable success, but we are lacking space in our tiny little house, and without grow lights the seedlings are leggy and not as robust as those from a nursery. Usually they don't survive outdoors long enough to set fruit, so I've stuck to buying tomato plants, which are usually hybrids.

Perennial tomatoes

BUT! I know from experience that it's possible to take cuttings of tomato plants and root them in water. In fact, it's hard to fail at this. Just take a cutting from a healthy plant, stick it in a glass of water and wait. That's how easy it is.

Growing perennial tomatoes

So... if I take cuttings of my plants before the first frost, and root them in water, and when they get too big for the glass, I take cuttings of those and root them in water... could I have healthy plants to plant in the spring? Could I do this year after year, without having to resort to seeds? If it works, this would be a great way to propogate heirloom plants, wouldn't it? They wouldn't technically be "perennials" since it isn't the same plant coming back or continuing from year to year, but would in a way be "clones" of the same plant.

How to keep tomato plants alive all winter.

At first the roots are small (above)... but after a few weeks they go kind of crazy (below)...

Perennial tomato plants

I've already started cuttings from my Bradley tomato plants, the cuttings in these photos. It was a good thing that I did, because those three plants are now, for some unknown reason, dead. The other two varieties have bounced back very well from the hot summer and an attack by tomato horn worms. Sunday night we had a light frost, and I did take cuttings from one variety, but couldn't reach the other plants in the back. At least I now have clones of two of the three kinds, and I might have time to get some from the third kind as well.

Keeping tomato plants alive all winter

The cuttings grow best in a sunny windowsill. Change the water often, and the addition of liquid fertilizer (or compost tea?) probably wouldn't hurt either.


Part 1 - 10/10/12  (That's this post!)
Part 2 - Update #1, Spring
Part 3 - Update #2, Year Two
Part 4 - How to Take Tomato Cuttings



This post has been shared at some of my favorite blog hops.


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12 comments:

  1. How do you cut them? Do you allow a sucker to get to moderate size and then cut it? Or are you cutting off the top of the plant?

    ReplyDelete
  2. How do you cut them? Do you allow a sucker to get to moderate size and then cut it? Or are you cutting off the top of the plant?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I cut off the end of several branches. Be sure you have indeterminate varieties.

      Delete
  3. I have done this in the spring, multiplying seedlings (Suckers work best for this), but to keep them alive and happy all winter, I am not sure. Keep us posted!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Next week I'll have a new post with this year's results, Anna. Stay tuned!

      Delete
  4. Anonymous12:35 PM

    Awesome! Im excited to see an update!

    ReplyDelete
  5. I live in PEI and spent the coldest, snowiest winter in my lifetime, in 2015. I grew four tomatoes plants in pots and harvested ripe tomatoes all winter that were in my southerly windows. Now those same four tomato plants are out on deck, with a load of green tomatoes on them.

    ReplyDelete
  6. It matters not where the plants are as long as they are happy, right? I love that you actually harvested tomatoes all winter long - that proves the plants were thriving! Great job!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Lana Ar12:38 PM

    I enjoy your e-mails very much. It is very informant to me as we
    live in an ajoining state and have pretty much the same climate. We
    have a very small green house and grow lettuce year round. We have
    kept a cucumber and tomatoe alive after the season and had veggies
    around Christmas.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you, Lana. How wonderful to have a greenhouse and have fresh veggies all the way till Christmas!

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  8. My tomato seedlings were getting leggy also. I read an article that said to move the plant closer to the grow light and to take your hand and brush over them to simulate a breeze. I do this and can't believe what a difference it has made for my plants. They have become a lot thicker.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you, Vickie, I didn't know that a breeze, real or otherwise, would make them thicker. I've heard you can use a fan to simulate the wind too.

      Delete

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