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October 10, 2012

Perennial Tomatoes


Perennial tomatoes

What if you could grow tomatoes year-round, no matter where you live?

Although tomatoes are technically a perennial, they are grown as annuals here in the USA. People who are fortunate enough to have a greenhouse often bring in their tomatoes before the first frost so they can have vine-ripe tomatoes late in the autumn, and they'll start their tomato seeds in very early spring so they'll have big healthy plants ready to go in the ground when the weather is warm enough.




Tomatoes are perennials!

I don't have a greenhouse (and it wouldn't stay warm enough in the deep of winter to keep a tomato plant alive probably anyway). I've tried starting my own tomato seeds indoors with reasonable success, but we are lacking space in our tiny little house, and without grow lights the seedlings are leggy and not as robust as those from a nursery. I often end up buying transplants anyway.

But could we grow tomatoes year-round without a greenhouse? I've heard many times about a huge, perennial tomato plant in Walt Disney World's Epcot Center that is grown in a greenhouse and supplies the tomatoes for the park's meals. After researching this plant, I could only find that it "lived more than a year" and it had a record-breaking harvest. Evidently the large harvest is much greater news than its longevity.

Perennial tomatoes

But I know from experience that it's not only possible to take cuttings of tomato plants and root them in water, it's hard to fail at this. Just take a cutting from a healthy plant, stick it in a glass of water and wait. That's how easy it is.

Growing perennial tomatoes

I wondered... if I take cuttings of my plants before the first frost, and root them in water, and when they get too big for the glass, I take cuttings of those and root them in water... could I have healthy plants to plant in the spring? Could I do this year after year, without having to resort to seeds? If it works, this would be a great way to propogate heirloom plants, wouldn't it? They wouldn't technically be "perennials" since it isn't the same plant coming back or continuing from year to year, but would in a way be "clones" of the same plant.

So I tried it.

I took cuttings of my tomato plants before the first frost and stuck them in a canning jar of water.

How to keep tomato plants alive all winter.

At first the roots are small.

Perennial tomato plants

But as the weeks go by, they go kind of crazy.

Keeping tomato plants alive all winter

The cuttings grow best in a sunny windowsill. Change the water often, and the addition of liquid fertilizer (or compost tea?) probably wouldn't hurt either.

Will it work? Follow the links below to read the continuing story of my perennial tomato experiments:

Part 1 - 10/10/12  (That's this post!)
Part 2 - Update #1, Spring
Part 3 - Update #2, Year Two
Part 4 - How to Take Tomato Cuttings
Part 5 - Perennial Tomatoes: Year Four
Part 6 - Perennial Tomatoes: Year Five



This post has been shared at some of my favorite blog hops.


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12 comments:

  1. How do you cut them? Do you allow a sucker to get to moderate size and then cut it? Or are you cutting off the top of the plant?

    ReplyDelete
  2. How do you cut them? Do you allow a sucker to get to moderate size and then cut it? Or are you cutting off the top of the plant?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I cut off the end of several branches. Be sure you have indeterminate varieties.

      Delete
  3. I have done this in the spring, multiplying seedlings (Suckers work best for this), but to keep them alive and happy all winter, I am not sure. Keep us posted!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Next week I'll have a new post with this year's results, Anna. Stay tuned!

      Delete
  4. Anonymous12:35 PM

    Awesome! Im excited to see an update!

    ReplyDelete
  5. I live in PEI and spent the coldest, snowiest winter in my lifetime, in 2015. I grew four tomatoes plants in pots and harvested ripe tomatoes all winter that were in my southerly windows. Now those same four tomato plants are out on deck, with a load of green tomatoes on them.

    ReplyDelete
  6. It matters not where the plants are as long as they are happy, right? I love that you actually harvested tomatoes all winter long - that proves the plants were thriving! Great job!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Lana Ar12:38 PM

    I enjoy your e-mails very much. It is very informant to me as we
    live in an ajoining state and have pretty much the same climate. We
    have a very small green house and grow lettuce year round. We have
    kept a cucumber and tomatoe alive after the season and had veggies
    around Christmas.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you, Lana. How wonderful to have a greenhouse and have fresh veggies all the way till Christmas!

      Delete
  8. My tomato seedlings were getting leggy also. I read an article that said to move the plant closer to the grow light and to take your hand and brush over them to simulate a breeze. I do this and can't believe what a difference it has made for my plants. They have become a lot thicker.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you, Vickie, I didn't know that a breeze, real or otherwise, would make them thicker. I've heard you can use a fan to simulate the wind too.

      Delete

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