How to Find Homestead Land




How to find and choose homestead land


When you're ready to buy land, how do you find the right piece of property? We looked for several years before finding Oak Hill, but it was worth the time it took.


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When we first started looking for our property, we had a short list of must-haves.


But as we looked, our list grew longer as we identified what we didn't want. In other words, we were able to identify what we did want by discovering what we didn't want.


Many of those things hadn't even occurred to use before we actually looked at several properties.


Where to look for land for your new homestead


The first item on your list is probably the state or region where you want to live. You may not want to leave the area where you are living now - or you might be willing to move out-of-state. You might want to move closer to family, or to a state with lower taxes or with better weather.

 

Whatever your reason, this will help determine how you search for your new homestead.


If you want to stay in the same general area where you now live, you'll be able to find local land for sale just by driving around or calling a local real estate agency. Family members might have some recommendations if you want to move near them.


But before you go searching for land, take some time to decide what's most important to you. Keep reading for more tips on finding the perfect homestead property.


Does the government still give away free land for homesteading?


In the Homestead Act of 1862, the US Government gave 160 acres free to whoever claimed it and met certain requirements. 


While the Homestead Act is no longer in operation, there are a few states and towns that will give away land for free. Most of these are residential lots though, not large tracts of homesteading land. You can find more information here.


Tips for finding land for your new homestead


Make a wish list for your homestead land - what are you looking for?


Spend some time identifying the must-haves for you and your family. Divide your list into the things that you simply must have, and other things you can be more flexible about.


Start your "homestead land wishlist" with the most important items: the state or region in which you want to live, the minimum amount of land you want, and whether or not you want a house on the property or prefer raw land.


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If you want to raise livestock or chickens, write that down. Local ordinances and covenants can dictate whether animals are allowed or not.


Twenty years ago we owned five acres of unimproved land in upper Michigan, which we planned to move to sometime in the future. Imagine our surprise when we found out - after buying it - that we could not keep livestock on our land. We realized that raising animals was important to us, and we sold the land a short time later.


If gardening is important, you'll want a sunny location. A heavily-wooded lot probably wouldn't be ideal.


Make sure the land has access to water, whether it's a well, a year-round stream or spring, or other source.


And of course, set a price limit and don't go over it!


What was on our homestead-dreaming list


Our wish list contained things that were important to us, but might not be important to you. It looked something like this:

  • At least ten acres
  • Cheap land
  • A low cost of living
  • Low property taxes
  • Relaxed building codes
  • A warmer climate than Michigan - we were tired of snow!
  • Good homeschooling laws
  • Not on a dead-end road
  • A good, reliable water source

We had a few other "wishes" on our list, but we were more flexible about those.


For instance, we wanted our land to have perimeter fencing, and cross-fencing (dividing the land into several pastures/fields) would be even better. Sheds or a barn would be nice, but we knew we could build them if needed.


Tips for finding land for your new homestead


Narrowing down the search for the perfect homestead land


Since we wanted a warmer climate, we knew we'd move south of our then-current location.


Because we wanted a state with homeschool-friendly laws, we further refined our search to the best states for homeschooling.


And finally, we wanted to be relatively close to a military base so we could continue to take advantage of the Chief's retirement benefits, so that narrowed our search even more.


Identify your wants and your needs, then search for land for your new homestead


Looking for land online


Finding land online is much easier now that it was when we began searching for our new homestead many years ago.


Here's a good place to start looking for homestead land. At Land Listings, you can filter the properties for sale with the features that are important to you. 


For instance, you can sort the properties by state or even by county, the number of acres, whether or not there is a house on the property and so on.


Related posts:
How to Choose the Goat Breed that's Best for Your Homestead


Check out potential properties in person


Since we were willing (and even wanting) to move out of state, all the potential homestead property we were interested in were a distance away. When we found a property that fit our list of criteria, the Chief and our son traveled to look at it in person.


One of the properties they checked out had a junkyard next door. Another, although it was indeed ten acres, had a narrow road frontage and was very deep. 


We realized that we'd rather have land that was more square in shape. We wanted privacy from neighbors, and I didn't want to walk a long distance to the barn to care for animals multiple times a day.


Google maps makes this process much easier now, but years ago it wasn't very reliable or nearly as detailed.


Tips on how to find homestead land.


Don't depend completely on those online maps though. That junkyard next door might have been a surprise if we hadn't gone to look at the property with our own eyes before purchasing it. Satellite maps aren't necessarily up-to-date.


I do not recommend buying property sight unseen! In fact, we bought Oak Hill from a woman who had done just that, and had put the property back on the market just three days after moving there.


Don't let that happen to you!


Water is life


I don't think there is anything more important than water on your homestead. Water is necessary not only for people, but also for garden plants, fruit-bearing trees, and livestock. 


Check out that creek on your future property and make sure it isn't just seasonal, that it runs all year. If there is no natural water source, you'll need a well or to be hooked up to the city, county or rural water lines. 


If you plan to collect rain water instead, is there enough rain during the year to provide for your storage needs?


How - and what - to research once you find a likely homestead site


Once you've found what looks like the perfect homestead land, be sure to ask questions.


Don't assume that your realtor will know the answers to your questions, but they will likely know who you should call. The local town or county will have the official answers for you, but it helps to know which department you should call.


Here are a few questions you might want to ask:

  • What is the state sales tax? Is there a local sales tax as well?
  • What are the state's homeschooling laws?
  • Does the state charge personal property tax on tractors and other equipment, RVs and other items?
  • How much will the utility companies charge to hook up a house you plan to build? And what utility companies service the land you are considering buying?
  • What are the regulations about water rights?
  • Is the road paved or dirt, and who is responsible for road maintenance?
  • Do you need a permit to dig a garden? (Believe it or not, at our previous home the county required a permit to dig a garden any larger than 100 square feet. Yes, really. That's just ten feet by ten feet.)
  • Do you need a minimum number of acres to have large livestock?
  • What are the regulations on selling milk or eggs from your homestead?


While these next two items weren't an issue when we moved to our homestead years ago, they are important today and might be to you too:

  • Do you have a cell phone signal on your land? This can be very important in an emergency, such as when our neighbor had a heart attack, and when our barn burned down, since landline phone service isn't available to us.
  • Is internet service available? Satellite internet isn't the best, but it's all we can get on Oak Hill and it's better than nothing.


You can find some of the answers to these and other questions online, but others will need more research.


After several land-scouting trips, the Chief found Oak Hill. And the rest, as they say, is history. You can read more in my retrospective on a homesteading journey.



If you're looking for homestead land, what is important to you? I challenge you to identify your wishes and put them down on paper. Good luck in your search!




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3 comments

  1. Thank you for all the tips on finding property. We are looking at buying some country land and you addressed things I hadn't considered. We are getting ready to retire and want a quiet, nature filled place to spend our time together. I will be better prepared with your handy list!

    ReplyDelete
  2. You are a God-send for publishing this great blog on finding property on homesteading. Thank you, Jan

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks for the info and the giveaway, great land tips!

    ReplyDelete

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